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AMESBURY 45 (GODDARD)

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A large Bronze Age bell barrow, known as Amesbury 45, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow group (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of 56m and comprises a central mound which stands 3.5m high and sits on a roughly concentric but sub-circular plinth completely surrounded by a ring ditch. Berms separate the bottom of the mound and the edge of the plinth and the bottom of the plinth and the ditch. The mound was excavated by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century (Barrow 30), who found a simple unaccompanied cremation close to a cist of black ashes with a few bits of burnt bone. The barrow was listed as Amesbury 45 by Goddard (as a very large bell barrow 15ft high) and by Grinsell (as a bell barrow). In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted it was in good condition having never been ploughed. The barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the Historic England website.