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MONUMENT NO. 59645

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The buried remains of a Roman pottery manufacturing complex at Crambeck. The identification of a major Roman site was first made in the mid 19th century when large amounts of Roman pottery was found and six pottery kilns were revealed during the construction of Crambeck school. Subsequent investigations of the site have included the systematic collection of Roman pottery lying on the ground surface and the use of scientific survey methods which can detect buried archaeological remains. These investigations have revealed a complex pattern of small enclosures within which the remains of kilns survive. As well as the kilns and waste dumps the complex also included clay dumps, fuel stores, drying areas, stores, workshops and possibly accommodation for the workforce. At the south west corner of the monument, where extensive quarrying has taken place, four kilns were excavated in 1928, with a further two being investigated in 1936. These kilns all had a circular, clay-lined furnace pit with a limestone built flue. The 1928 investigations also revealed the corner of a building as well as investigating the ditches which extend across the monument. These ditches were dated to the second century AD and are interpreted as part of an early Roman field system which was reused as enclosure boundaries for the later potteries. In addition to the kilns the excavations have also revealed human burials of probable Anglo-Saxon date. In addition to the pottery activities it has been suggested that iron smelting may have also taken place. It is common to find one or more industrial activities taking place at one location and at Crambeck fragments of iron slag have been found on the monument. Scheduled.

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