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MIDDLEHAM CASTLE

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The standing remains of a Norman tower keep, begun in the mid-twelfth century, with a fourteenth century curtain wall and later domestic buildings. It is rectangular in plan, measuring 32 metres by 24 metres, with ashlar faced walls up to 3.7 metres thick. Built on the east side of the keep is a 13th century chapel which originally had three storeys, the lower two surviving as a vestry and possible priest's lodging. Although the keep must have had outer defences, the only standing remains at Middleham are of the curtain wall round the inner ward, which was first built in the early 14th century. The earliest sections consist of a 7.3 metre high wall with a parapet walk, extant on all four sides of the enclosure, and the bases of the main gatehouses and three corner towers. The walls and all but the south-east tower were heightened in the late 14th century and service rooms and lodgings were built against the curtain from the 14th century onwards. The tower keep was begun in the mid-twelfth century by Ralph FitzRanulph. After being forfeited to the Crown in 1471, Edward IV then gave it to his brother Richard of Gloucester, later Richard III. After Richard's death, Middleham passed to Henry VII and remained Crown property until 1604 when it was given by James I to Sir Henry Lindley. The site is in the care of English Heritage.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the Historic England website.