You are here: Home : Search : Search Results : Detailed Result
  |   Print  

TORBERRY HILLFORT

DESCRIPTION + /

A slight univallate hillfort and a later postmill constructed on a chalk spur which projects to the north from a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The roughly east-west aligned, pear-shaped hillfort encloses an area of 2.8 hectares. Subsequent ploughing during the early post-medieval period has caused some disturbance to the monument, and the hillfort defences now survive as a low bank or scarp surrounded by a mainly infilled ditch. Part excavation of the monument during 1948 and between 1956-58 discovered that the hilltop defences underwent several phases of reconstruction and modification from the Early Iron Age, and remained in use until circa 100 BC. During the fifth-third centuries BC the defences defined a promontory fort, with a now infilled, north-south aligned ditch and timber-reinforced bank constructed across the central part of the monument, protecting the western end of the steeply-sided spur. During the third century BC, the ramparts were extended to enclose the whole spur-top, and a new entrance was constructed through their eastern side. This gateway was modified and elaborated during the second century BC and finally took the form of an inturned, stone-walled corridor leading to a massive timber gate. Evidence found during the investigations indicated that the gateway was destroyed in circa 100 BC. The excavations also revealed a number of now infilled storage pits within the interior of the hillfort. Analysis of pottery fragments found within them suggest that these date to the Iron Age. The later postmill was sited within the western sector of the earlier hillfort during the post-medieval period. It is represented by a low, cross shaped foundation mound, known locally as the Fairy Bed. Scheduled.

DETAIL + / -
MORE INFORMATION & SOURCES
+ / -
MONUMENT TYPES + / -
COMMENTS + / -
Please help us keep our information accurate let us know if you see any errors on this page.

Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the Historic England website.