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MONUMENT NO. 215182

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A Neolithic henge (Goddard's Beechingstoke 1a), is located within the southern end of the Hatfield enclosure (Marden Henge NMR UID 215179), just north of the River Avon. Excavation by English Heritage in 2010 confirmed the Neolithic date. These excavations revealed a well-preserved Neolithic chalk surface, or floor, within the henge bank. The central part was sunk into the ground, and had a large hearth surrounded by a gully. Outside the chalk surface, and further along the henge bank, there were middens, perhaps the remains of feasting debris. Finds included bone needles, awls and flint tools. The monument survives as a relatively well preserved and substantial earthwork, contrary to previous assertions. In 1807 Cunnington described it as a circular enclosure 198 feet in diameter. "Its vallum is slightly raised, and the interior rises gradually to a low apex. On digging within the area we found a few bits of old pottery, and a little charred wood but no marks of any interment". Aerial photographs taken in 1946 illustrate the site before the western parts of the monument were clipped by the plots of the row of houses known as "Hatfields". It is recorded as a substantial earthwork on subsequent aerial photographs and 2005 lidar images. The bank may have been slightly spread by ploughing (the field was certainly in arable cultivation in the 1940s) but the overall diameter of the monument, from the aerial photo evidence, appears to be between 90m and 95m. The site was listed by both Goddard and Grinsell as Beechingstoke 1a.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the Historic England website.