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BRAIDWOOD ACADEMY FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  GROVE HOUSE
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The former Braidwood Academy for the Deaf and Dumb was founded by Thomas Braidwood in the late 18th century. He first established the Academy in Bowling Green House in Hackney, London. The name of the house was changed to Grove House and again in 1799 to Pembroke House. The former Academy was continued after Braidwood’s death in 1806 by his family until c.1810. The building that housed the Academy no longer exists but was roughly located in present day No.36 Chatham Place, Hackney, London.

Thomas Braidwood (1715-1806) opened the first deaf school in Britain in Edinburgh which in 1760 had one deaf pupil. Braidwood's success in developing teaching methods for deaf children led to the numbers increasing to 20 pupils by 1780. His approach was to use natural gestures rather than the oralism used elsewhere in Europe. The Braidwood’s represented deaf education for nearly half a century, however the school in Edinburgh closed and Braidwood then moved to London and established The Braidwood Academy for the Deaf and Dumb in Hackney.

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