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CIVIL BOMBING DECOY C2E

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A Second World War bombing decoy site at Cowpen Bewley. It was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys to deflect enemy bombing from the Imperial Chemical Industries plant at Billingham. The site functioned as both a 'QF' and 'QL' decoy. The 'QF' decoy consisted of a series of controlled fires lit during an air raid to replicate a target struck by bombs. The 'QL' decoy displayed a series of lights to simulate marshalling yards and factory lighting, which would be associated with an active chemical plant. The site is referenced as being in use during 1942 and 1943, but could have been in operation for longer. By the mid 1970s the site had been given over to agricultural use and no features of the decoy survive. Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Grangetown, Bran Sands, Greenabella, Grangetown, Newton Bewley, Wolviston, Elton, Middleton and Kirkleatham.

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