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CHAIN HOME STATION CH14

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  CHAIN HOME LOW STATION CHL14A, RAF WEST PRAWLE
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The site of Chain Home radar station, Chain Home Low station and later Rotor station at West Prawle. It was commissioned in January 1939 to provide early warning of enemy aircraft approaching industrial areas in Bristol and South Wales. Chain Home stations comprised transmission and receiver blocks, four 240ft timber receiver aerial towers, four 350ft steel transmitter aerial towers that stood on concrete pads, and other buildings such as dispersed accommodation huts, guard huts and standby set houses. Chain Home Low sites, established in 1940 to detect low-flying aircraft, typically comprised two gantries carrying the transmitter and receiver aerial arrays, a transmitter and receiver hut, a standby set house for the reserve power, and a general purposes hut. From 1940 defensive measures were installed at radar stations, including Light Anti-Aircraft (LAA) gun emplacements, pill boxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. LAA emplacements were located at Vulnerable Points. At West Prawle these were located at SX 771 379, SX 781 375, SX 776 371, SX 760 375 and SX 766 375. The station was technically upgraded in the early 1950s as part of the Rotor programme. Aerial photography from 1983 shows that an operations block survives at the site at SX 775 375, six prefabricated buildings now used as farm buildings are located at SX 774 376, an earth-covered building remains at SX 771 374, and a further building survives at SX 769 375.

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