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GOXHILL AIRFIELD

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  USAAF STATION 345
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A former World War Two and Post-war period military airfield, opened in 1941 and closed in 1957. The airfield was first used by the Royal Air Force, both by Bomber Command and Fighter Command Units. The 8th United States Army Air Force took over the base, redesignated as Station 345, from August 1942 to March 1945. They used it mainly for operational training of fighter pilots including those belonging to 52nd Fighter Group, 81st Fighter Group, the 82nd to 84th Squadrons of the 78th Fighter Group, and units of the 356th 358th, 496th, 554th and 555th Squadrons. The airfield was used as a military training site in May 1944 for exercises relating to the planned D-Day landings. After 1945 the base was used for bomb storage until 1953. The wartime airfield had been provided with three tarmac landing surfaces and a number of aircraft hangars, some of which were reported to be extant in 2002. Two type T2 and one type J aircraft hangars had been used by the Ministry of Supply (later the Ministry of the Enviroment) and the Home Office as storage depots, one hangar was subsequently used by a private company as a store. During World War Two there were also 4 Blister aircraft hangars. In 2002 other military buildings were said to be extant, though the control tower was demolished in 2003. Elements of the airfield's World war Two defences are also extant, including the battle headquarters (please see TA 12 SW 24)

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