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COVENTINAS WELL

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The site of Conventinas Well near Carrawburgh Roman Fort on Hadrian's Wall. Excavation in 1876 revealed a spring encased in a rectangular basin, about 2.6 metres by 2.4 metres, which lay at the centre of a walled enclosure or temple, measuring 12.2 metres north/south by 11.6 metres transversely within a wall 0.9 metres thick. The contents of the well included at least 13,487 coins, from Mark Antony to Gratian, a relief of three water nymphs, the head of a male statue, two dedication slabs to the goddess Coventina, ten altars to Coventina and Minerva, two clay incense burners, and a wide range of votive objects. The spring still contains some stone blocks below summer water level. (perhaps dislodged pieces of the well-head). On the east edge of a bank immediately to the west is a short stretch of facing stones, 1.5 metres long, the only visible portion of the shrine's internal wall face. Limited investigations in 1984 located another fragment of the inner face of the enclosure on the south side.

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