(1) General reference
Ekwall, E. 1985. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names. (4th edn) London (Pg 81)
(1a) General reference
Domesday Book. London, 1783-1816. This reference also includes the Exon Domesday. The date of both is 1086.
(1b) General reference
Stenton, F M. (ed) Danelaw Charters. Brit. Ac. Records V.
(2) by M W Beresford, H P R Finberg 1973 English medieval boroughs: a handlist
(2a) General reference
Pipe Roll Soc, NS, IX, 1932, 64, and ibid, XXVI, 1905, 106.
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English Heritage website.