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CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST

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Part of the College of St John the Baptist founded or refounded in 906 and dissolved in 1547. The church was used as a cathedral from 1075 - 1102 when the See of Lichfield was temporarily moved to Chester. Anchorite Cell also present. Extant building and associated ruins. Collegiate church, briefly cathedral then with Coventry co-cathedral; from Dissolution a parish church. Late 11th, late 12th and early 13th and 14th centuries, said to have been damaged circa 1470 by collapse of supposed central tower and 1572 and 1574 by partial collapse of north-west tower; much of transepts and presbytery abandoned mid 16th century; nave and crossing restored by RC Hussey 1859-66; collapse of north-west tower 1881 destroying north porch; porch rebuilt by John Douglas 1882; north-east belfry tower by Douglas 1886. Sandstone. The present church and adjoining ruins indicate: west front with twin towers, that to south not built; bay between towers, destroyed; 6-bay nave truncated to 4 bays; north and south aisles truncated to 4 bays; crossing: north and south transepts each truncated to one bay; 5-bay aisled chancel with apse between north-east and south-east chapels, truncated to one bay with south aisle as Lady-chapel and north aisle replaced by vestry in belfry-tower; chamber south of south aisle, probably formerly chapter house.

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