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ST GREGORYS PRIORY

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Priory constructed by Lanfranc by 1087, it was the last secular monastery to be refounded. By the mid 12th century it had become Augustinian and remained so until its dissolution in 1537. A fire in 1145 destroyed the church, but this was rebuilt, the entire claustral complex was completed in the middle 12th century. Excavations in 1988 and 1989 recovered the plan of most of the complex which was ranged to the north of the large, double-aisled church. Lanfranc's original church consisted of a nave and chancel with tower between. To this were added transepts, but unusually positioned to the west of the tower. Chapels were added to the east of the transepts. Lanfranc's priory church occupied the site of an earlier church which appears to be 9th-10th century and was probably a guild church. This in turn succeeded a smaller church which was used either in the late Roman period or from the 6-7th century. The priory cemetery was in use from 1087 until its enclosure in the late 16th century.

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