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MONUMENT NO. 398675

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A minor Romano-British villa at Manor Hall Road, Southwick. The villa complex, which survives in buried form to the north and south of Manor Hall Road, has been interpreted as lying at the centre of an agricultural estate which exploited the fertile soils of the coastal plain to the east of the River Adur. The villa was first investigated in 1815, and further investigations carried out during the 20th century suggested that the easrliest buildings on the site date to the years between AD 70-80. The complex underwent at least one phase of major redevelopment and was occupied from circa AD 100-350. The investigations also indicated the presence earlier buildings, represented by a group of post holes and shallow pits. The analysis of pottery fragments found nearby suggest that these date to the Iron Age. The largest Roman building is a west-east aligned dwelling house measuring circa 28 metres by circa 17 metres, with circa 0.6 metre wide wall footings constructed of mortared flints. The house is divided into at least eight rooms, heated by an hypocaust. A heated bath suite adjoins the north western corner of the building. Finds associated with the villa include fragments of window glass, roof tiles, samian pottery and painted wall plaster. To the south of the main building is a square courtyard measuring circa 28 metres. This has a detached bath house on its eastern side, and a workshop or barn along its southern edge.

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