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REDBOURN PRIORY

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A cell for Benedictine Monks (called Redbourn or St Amphibalus Priory) was built, by John Bishop of Ardfert in c1178, on a portion of Redbourn Heath which included the grave of St Amphibalus and the chapel of St James. It was used as a health resort for the convent of St Albans. By 1535 it had been abandoned and in 1540 the site was granted to John Cokkes. A piece of ground of circa 1/2 acre, in 1597, was called St Amphibalus Chapel and was probably the site of the priory chapel. In digging into a barrow at Redbourn, relic hunting monks of St Albans found an inhumation cemetery which may have been Anglo-Saxon. They were searching for the remains of St Amphibalus and found ten inhumations in all; according to the account of Roger of Wendover. The scene of this excavation was known as the "Hills of the Banners". Iron weapons found with the burials suggest an Anglo-Saxon date. A very large spear head from Redbourn was given to St Albans Museum by the churchwardens. The site is now built over.

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