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MONUMENT NO. 359278

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A Roman villa was discovered during road operations in 1962. Seven periods of occupation were uncovered:- PERIOD 1; the earliest buildings on the site were probably a timber house dated c.AD 75, with an isolated three-roomed bath-house. An area of farmland immediately to the south of the villa was bordered by ditches. PERIOD 2; no structural changes have been detected in the Period 1 villa, but additional services were added to the bath-house (date not known). PERIOD 3; in the Antonine period, Building A was constructed in stone over the site of the Period 1 occupation. The building was of the winged-corridor type with corridors all the way around. The south-east wing was of two storeys, the lower level being a semi-basement. A new wing was constructed on the west side of the bath-house. PERIOD 4; in the late second or early third century additional wings were constructed enclosing an outer courtyard (Building B and C). The bath-house was also enlarged. PERIOD 5; building C was demolished and by c.AD 300 Building A had undergone major alterations. The wings were extended and extra rooms added to the north side of the building. Building D, E and F were also constructed. The outer courtyard was transferred to the north side of the villa. PERIOD 6; by c.AD 325 a large bathing pool was built on to the bath-house, and a massive heated room built on to the west side of Building A. The scale of rebuilding on the bath-house suggests the possibility that the bathing establishment new became the primary attraction of the settlement. PERIOD 7; in the mid-fourth century the baths and villa appears to have been deliberately demolished. Stockades or cattle pens were built into the northern courtyard and over Building A and the earlier site of Building C. Occupation continued in Building E until the late fourth century and may have extended into the early fifth cent. The site is now under a modern arterial road, no visible remains.

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