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TUPHOLME ABBEY

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Premonstratensian monastery founded between 1155-65 and suppressed in 1536. The remains take the form of a group of earthworks, standing remains and buried archaeological deposits identified by aerial survey, which cover an area 350 metres by 300 metres. The centre of the monument is occupied by the standing remains of the south wall of the abbey's refectory, a Grade I Listed structure. The wall is comprised of coursed limestone rubble with ashlar dressings and the remains of six lancet windows and a reader's pulpitarchitecturally date it to the early 13th century. Low earthwork banks immediately north of the refectory wall defining a sub-rectangular area 18 metres by 13 metres, are interpreted as representing the location of the claustral range. The stone foundations of a rectangular building situated 70 metres south of the refectory wall are thought to represent the abbot's lodging. The core monastic buildings probably lay within an inner court, perhaps defined by a wall. This inner court lay within a larger monastic precinct which would also have been defined in some way and which would have had a gatehouse at the main entrance. The antiquarian Stukeley made a sketch of the gatehouse in 1726. It is thought that this structure was demolished by the end of the 18th century. The exact location of the gatehouse remains unknown but it is likely to have stood along the northern boundary of the monument. Surrounding the core monastic buildings are the earthworks of extensive water control features, including ponds and channels. In the southern part of the monument a series of four partly water-filled linear depressions up to 200 metres in length and 7 metres in width aligned on a north east-south west axis are interpreted as monastic fishponds. A further linear depression on the north western side of the monument is similarly interpreted as a soilmark to the south west. Scheduled.

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