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LINCOLN CATHEDRAL

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF ST MARY
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Lincoln Cathedral is an amalgamation of different architectural styles and features that have developed through centuries of alterations, rebuilding and restorations. The first cathedral, built by Bishop Remigius between 1072-1092, was Norman in style, based on a Latin Cross plan. However a fire in 1141 and an earthquake in 1185 led to major reconstructions of the cathedral. The nave was built during the first half of the 13th century in the Early English Gothic style incorporating the remains of the Norman west end into this new Gothic front. The collapse of the central tower in the 1230s required another programme of rebuilding of the cathedral's east end and the chapels were remodelled and Angel Choir was built in 1255. The cloister was added in the late 13th century and in the 14th century the central tower was erected (1307-11). This was topped with a lead-covered spire and at the same time the choir screen was added. Circa 1380 the western towers were heightened and in the 15th century the chantry chapels were constructed in the Perpendicular style. The cathedral continued to be altered and added to in the 17th and 18th centuries including the library designed by Wren in 1674. Since the late 20th century the cathedral has been the subject of continuous campaigns of restoration and maintenance.

Lincoln Cathedral towers over the historical city of Lincoln and is a fine example of the evolution of cathedral architecture through the centuries. The cathedral mostly dates to the 13th century and is predominantly Gothic in style, however it still preserves part of the west front of the earlier 11th century Romanesque cathedral. Its internal structure and furnishings have also been altered and changed through the years and a number of important architectural features are preserved including the 14th century misericords, the library (1674) built by Wren and frescoes by the artist Duncan Grant.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the English Heritage website.