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BROADBURY BANKS

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Broadbury Banks is thought to be an Iron Age enclosure or hillfort which was never completed, or was slighted. An alternative explanation is that it is a fortuitous arrangement of Medieval or Post Medieval hollow ways and quarries leading up the scarp edge. The earthworks are situated on a north facing slope on Wilsford Hill, overlooking the Vale of Pewsey. Where best preserved on the west side, it comprises an inner bank, 8m wide, up to 1.2m high, with an external ditch which is 4m wide and up to 0.4m deep which has an outer bank, 4m wide, and 5m high. The ditch and outer bank are fragmentary. The north and east sides are defined by a simple scarp, increasing in height from 2.0m to a maximum 5.0m at the NE corner. Colt-Hoare investigated the site, published in 1812, but found no evidence of occupation. There is an old chalk quarry at the northern end of the enclosure. If this was once an enclosure then there are no traces on the ground or aerial photographs of a south side, and no entrance gaps are visible in the existing earthworks. The interior has been in arable cultivation, and has been photographed from the air at relatively regular intervals since the 1940s but no interior features have been recorded as cropmarks on aerial photographs so far. Two dark marks in the centre of the enclosure, recorded on 1945 aerial photographs, may be relatively modern and do not seem to represent archaeological remains.

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