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MILECASTLE 42

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  CAWFIELDS ROMAN WALL
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The site of milecastle 42 on Cawfields Roman Wall. It is a well preserved section of Hadrian's Wall on a steep slope including turrets and Milecastle 42, believed to have been built by the Second Legion. This section of the wall is consolidated for about 1.2 kilometres and reaches a maximum height of 12 courses or 2.8 metres high. Milecastle 42 lies on a steep south facing slope, 8 metres to 10 metres south of the steep north-facing crags and looks over Hole Gap to the west. In 1936, the milecastle was excavated and found to be of 'short axis' type with type I gates. The pivots must have been set at a higher level than the foundation slabs to enable the doors to open. It measures 17.8 metres east-west by 14.4 metres north-south internally, with walls 2.8 metres thick and 1.4 metres high, and slopes north-south by 15 to 20 degrees. The north gate is well built, jutting out north and south of the Wall-line, measuring 3.4 metres in width and 1.5 metres in height, inserted into a wall which is 2.9 metres thick. The inner doorway of the north gate is 2.8 metres wide, the outer doorway 2.6 metres wide and it is 3.4 metres wide in the centre. The south gateway similarly projects from the wall-line of the milecastle and survives up to 1.6 metres in height. The inner doorway of the south gate is 2.7 metres wide, the outer 2.9 metres wide and it is 3.4 metres wide in the centre. The east and west walls of the milecastle survive up to 1.4 metres high with five courses of stone. The site was first excavated by J. Clayton in 1847-8, which uncovered part of a dedication slab inscribed IMP CAES TRAIAN H. AUG LEG II AUG A. PLA NEPOTE LEG PR PR; and a re-used tombstone inscribed D MANIBUS S DAGVALDS M-1 I PAN UIXIT AN PASINNA CON X TITULA POS. These are now held in Chesters Museum. Further excavation work was undertaken in 1935-6 by F. G. Simpson and I. A. Richmond.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the Historic England website.