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PERCH ROCK BATTERY

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Perch Rock coastal battery was built between 1826 and 1830 as part of the fixed defences on the Mersey. The original design was by Captain John Sykes Kitson, and it was armed with 32-pounder guns in four round angles. It was remodelled between 1894 and 1899 and armed with three 6-inch breech-loading (BL) Mk. VI guns. Two coast artillery searchlights were installed at the site by the First World War and the Mk. VI guns were upgraded to Mk. VII guns during the interwar period. The battery was active during the Second World War and by 1943 was manned by the Home Guard. It formed part of the coastal crust and hinterland defences of the north west from the northern border of Flintshire to the southern border of Cumbria and including all the coastal defences in Cheshire, Wirral, Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, Sefton, Lancashire and Blackpool. It was reduced to care and maintenance in 1944. The two outer gun emplacements had covers in 1947 and were the two that housed guns during the Second World War. The eastern-most emplacement is in good condition, but the western one has suffered some deterioration. Otherwise the battery remains in reasonable condition.

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