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CHAIN HOME STATION CH22

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  RAF CANEWDON
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The site of a Royal Air Force Chain Home radar station at Canewdon. It was built between 1936 and 1938 to provide early warning of enemy aircraft approaching the Thames Estuary. The facilities at Canewdon were important in providing early warning during the Battle of Britain. The stations commonly comprised transmission and receiver blocks, four 240ft timber receiver aerial towers, four 350ft steel transmitter aerial towers that stood on concrete pads, and other buildings such as dispersed accommodation huts, guard huts and standby set houses. From 1940 defensive measures were installed at radar stations, including Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pill boxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. The Canewdon station was split into two halves, the receiver site north of Lambourne Hall Road and the transmitter site south of Gardeners Lane. Aerial photography from 1970 shows that the transmission block survives in fair condition, with four sets of aerial bases visible. The married wardens quarters or guard house survives, as do some ancillary buildings. The remote aerials and transmitters at TQ 908 947 have since been removed. The only remains of the receiver site are two surviving pill boxes.

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