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GREENBURN RESERVOIR

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Dam and reservoir to Greenburn Mine. Field investigations by English Heritage in 2000 found the dam surviving to a height of 6 metres. It comprises a peat and clay core covered with a stone facing and was constructed across the Greenburn Beck at some time between 1847 and 1864. This created a reservoir of about 1.6 hectares which supplied the water wheels at the mine's main processing area, via a system of dams and leats (NY 20 SE 30 and 32). It seems unlikely that the reservoir was used after circa 1885, but some confusion arises from apparent inaccuracies in the depiction of the feature (along with others) on the Ordnance Survey Second Edition 6-inch map, surveyed in 1889. The dam remained intact until the winter of 1979-80, when it burst following a storm. The water level was reduced by about 1.5 metre, but most of the dam survives in good condition and the reservoir remains an extensive body of water.

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