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TYNEMOUTH PRIORY

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Benedictine Monastery founded in 1085 by Robert de Mobray, Earl of Northumberland, as a daughter house of St Alban's Abbey in Hertfordshire. Located on the site of an ancient Anglian monastery which was sacked during the ninth century (see NZ36NE583). The upstanding remains of the priory comprise a number of construction and alteration phases phases; first, the ruins of the Norman priory; built 1090-1140, altered 1140-95 and 1195-1220 , with further major modifications and additions of the early 13th century date, modifications and additions dating to the 14th and 15th century. There are also less major phases of alteration dating 16th century and later. The earlier remains include the ruins of the church and parts of the claustral range including a chapter house. Some foundations of this first phase have been exposed by excavation. At the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century the church was largely rebuilt. During the 15th century a small vaulted chapel, known as the Percy Chapel, was attached to the eastern end of the church. This was restored in the the mid 19th century and the elaborately vaulted ceiling remains intact. The claustral ranges are situated to the south of the church and inlude the upstanding remains of the cloister, chapter house, communal hall and warming house. To the south of the cloister stands the prior's lodgings including a hall and chapel surviving virtually to their full height. To the north of the priory church lies the outer court containing two large yards and the buried remains of buildings such as store houses, barns and stables. Excavations in 1963 also uncovered a sacristy and a lime kiln. Further excavations in 1980 uncovered a large aisled barn, known from historical evidence to be a monastic wheat barn. The priory was dissolved in 1539 and the headland passed into Crown control. The priory is in the care of English Heritage.

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Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the English Heritage website.