Kenilworth Castle gardens. The earliest documented garden at the castle was during the ownership of John of Gaunt in 1374, and in 1463 Edward IV ordered a 'jousting place' to be made in the middle of the garden. These may have been situated on the site of the present garden, reconstructed to reflect Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester's lay out at the time of Elizabeth I's visit. The remodelling of the garden for this royal visit was no doubt linked to the remodelling of the adjacent forebuilding of the great tower with its classical loggia in circa 1569. Some of the basic layout is known from contemporary descriptions and paintings, and it was inspired from French and Italian Renaissance models with a marble fountain, classical aviary and obelisks. The designer of the 1575 garden is unknown, but may well have been Dudley's gardener Adrian, thought to have been French. The Italian marble fountain may have been sculpted by the royal craftsman Cornelius Cure. During the Stuart period some changes may have been made to the garden, although little survived the Civil War except the fountain which disappeared shortly afterwards. The privy garden became a kitchen garden and orchard up until the early 20th century. The gardens within the curtain wall dates to the 19th and early 20th century.
In 1975 a Tudor garden was planted on the site, based on Sir William Dugdale's plan of 1656; subsequent excavations by English Heritage in 2005-6 revealed details of the garden, and this combined with a description of the garden in a letter from Robert Langham (an official in Leicester's household), led to a new reconstruction of an Elizabethan garden in 2009. This features a renaissance aviary, carved arbours and an imposing marble fountain.