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GREENBURN MINE

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  GREAT CONISTON COPPER MINE, NEW CONISTON MINE, GREAT CONISTON MINE
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Copper mine comprising at least fIve east-west copper veins, all of which were mined at some stage during the life of the mine. It is not known when mining first started at Greenburn, however documentary sources indicate that mining was well established by 1690 and leases were avaliable for prospecting and mining during the late 18th century and early 19th century. By 1848 The Engine Shaft and Long Craig Level were in operation and a period of of intensive production and expansion followed until the early 1860s. In 1906 the mine was operated by the Greenburn and Tilberthwaite Syndicate, mining the Pave York Vein and building an inclined tramway from the Middle Level. In 1912 the Langdale Silver, Lead and Copper Company took over and mined for five years. The Greenburn and Tilberthwaite Mining Company was formed during the mid 1920s, but little mining is documented and the company was dissolved in 1940. An analytical field investigation of the surface remains was carried out by English Heritage in November 2000. Although derelict, remains of the mine are extensive and include various buildings, dressing floors, shafts, adits, tramways and a dam. The building remains include the accommodation block, office and smithy. Construction is of drystone, presumably with a pitched slate roof (which no longer survives). It was built in a single phase at some point between 1848 and 1864 on the site of an earlier building, possibly built soon after circa 1847, whose foundations survive. The accommodation block, at the western end of the range, was two-storeyed. The adjoining office and smithy, which retains evidence for a raised smithy hearth, were single-storeyed. All are now in ruinous condition, although part of the accomodation block survives to a height of three metres.

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