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COLCHESTER FRIARY OF CRUTCHED FRIARS

ALTERNATIVE NAME:  HOSPITAL OF THE HOLY CROSS AND ST HELEN
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The house was founded by William de Lanvelli in 1235, John, the prior of the Hospital of the Holy Cross, receiving the grant of land. There is no evidence that it adopted Austin rule, but rather became a Friary of the Crutched Friars. By 1392 it was under no religious rule and had become a secular hospital or free chapel, and in 1407 a fraternity of St Helen in the chapel of the Holy Cross was founded when it became a lesser secular almshouse. In 1496 the Crutched Friars successfully claimed possession and it was dissolved in 1538. The friary site was located in 1928 when 14th-15th century foundations and pottery were discovered during the demolition of 44 Crouch Street for the building of a new garage.

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